SHOMRON, DAN (1937– ). Israeli soldier, thirteenth chief of staff of the Israel Defense Forces. Shomron was born in   kibbutz Ashdot Ya'akov in the Jordan Valley. His military career began in 1956 when he was a paratrooper. During the Six-Day War of 1967 he commanded an armored division in Sinai, and later served as commander of the southern front. The entebbe raid in 1976, later renamed "Operation Yonatan," in which hostages from an Air France flight hijacked en route from Tel Aviv to Paris were rescued from Entebbe Airport near Kampala, Uganda, was under the command of Shomron, then a brigadier general, who also planned the operation. After occupying various staff positions, he became deputy chief of staff. In early 1987 he was named chief of staff, taking up the position in April of that year and serving until 1991. During his years as chief of staff he had to deal with the first intifada, which began in late 1987, and with the first Gulf War in 1991. After his retirement he served as chairman of Israel's Military Industries and then went into private business.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Shomron, Dan — (1937 )    Born in Ashdot Yaacov, he joined the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) in 1956. As chief infantry and paratrooper officer of the IDF, he was placed in overall command of Operation Entebbe. Shomron became chief of staff of the IDF in 1987 and …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Shomron, Dan — ▪ 2009       Israeli military leader born 1937, Kibbutz Ashdot Yaʿacov, British Palestine [now in Israel] died Feb. 26, 2008, Raʿanana, Israel planned and led the daring rescue of more than 100 Israeli and other Jewish airline passengers who had… …   Universalium

  • Dan Schomron — Dan Shomron Dan Schomron (* 5. August 1937 in Kibbuz Aschdot Ja akov; † 26. Februar 2008 in Ra’anana) war von 1987 bis 1991 der 13. Generalstabschef der Israelischen Verteidigungsstreitkräfte (Tzahal/IDF). 1956 wurde Dan Schomron zur Tzahal… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • POPULATION — THE JEWISH POPULATION Growth by Aliyah In 1882 the Jewish population of Ereẓ Israel numbered some 24,000, roughly 5% of the total, and about 0.3% of the world Jewish population. Since then there has been an almost continuous flow of aliyah, which …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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